Created the Monday 18 March 2019. Updated 4 months, 3 weeks ago.

Geofencing in malware refers to a technique used by cybercriminals to restrict the distribution or activation of malicious software based on geographical location. Malware authors use geofencing to target specific regions or avoid certain areas, such as their home country, in order to evade detection, minimize the chances of being investigated, or maximize the effectiveness of their attacks.

Geofencing works by checking the IP address, GPS coordinates, or other location data of a potential victim's device. If the device is within the predetermined boundaries defined by the attacker, the malware may proceed with its intended actions, such as infecting the device, stealing data, or launching further attacks. Conversely, if the device is outside the defined boundaries, the malware may remain dormant or deactivate itself to avoid detection.

Malware authors might use geofencing for various reasons, such as:

  1. Targeting specific countries or regions: Attackers may focus on certain areas due to economic, political, or strategic reasons, or to exploit known vulnerabilities in specific regions.

  2. Avoiding detection by security researchers: By restricting the distribution of malware to specific regions, attackers may make it more difficult for security researchers to obtain and analyze samples of the malicious software.

  3. Evading law enforcement: By not targeting their own country, cybercriminals can minimize the risk of drawing the attention of local law enforcement agencies.

  4. Complying with criminal partnerships: Some cybercriminal groups may have agreements not to target each other's territories, and geofencing allows them to abide by these agreements while still conducting their operations.

Featured Windows API's

Below, you will find a list of the most commonly used Windows API's that are currently utilized by malware authors for current evasion technique. This list is meant to provide an overview of the API's that are commonly used for this purpose. If there are any API's that you feel should be included on this list, please do not hesitate to contact us. We will be happy to update the list and provide any additional information or documentation that may be helpful.

Code Snippets

Additional Resources

External Links

The resources provided below are associated links that will give you even more detailed information and research on current evasion technique. It is important to note that, while these resources may be helpful, it is important to exercise caution when following external links. As always, be careful when clicking on links from unknown sources, as they may lead to malicious content.

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