Created the Monday 18 March 2019. Updated 6 months, 2 weeks ago.

This Windows API is often used by developers for debugging purpose. It will display a text to the attached debugger. This API is also used by Malware to open a communication channel between one or multiple processes.

It is possible to use OutputDebugString in addition of GetLastError / SetLastError to detect debugger presence.

Technique Identifiers

U0117 B0001.016

Technique Tag


Featured Windows API's

Below, you will find a list of the most commonly used Windows API's that are currently utilized by malware authors for current evasion technique. This list is meant to provide an overview of the API's that are commonly used for this purpose. If there are any API's that you feel should be included on this list, please do not hesitate to contact us. We will be happy to update the list and provide any additional information or documentation that may be helpful.

Code Snippets

Detection Rules

Additional Resources

External Links

The resources provided below are associated links that will give you even more detailed information and research on current evasion technique. It is important to note that, while these resources may be helpful, it is important to exercise caution when following external links. As always, be careful when clicking on links from unknown sources, as they may lead to malicious content.

Sleeping Alien

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